Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is a form of therapy for emotional difficulties which is based on concepts and principles derived from psychological models of human emotions and behaviour. In CBT the client and the therapist work together to understand difficulties in terms of the relationship between thoughts, feelings and behaviour. This shared understanding of the client’s problems leads to the development of individualised, time-limited interventions which aim to modify the unhelpful patterns of thinking and behaving. The result is often a major improvement in how a person feels and lives.
Research into CBT has been extensive. This has demonstrated that CBT is effective for a variety of problems including: addictive behaviours, anger, chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, eating disorders, generalised anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, sleep problems, specific phobias, and work related-stress.
Typically 10-12 sessions are necessary to achieve significant improvements. However, treatment can be shorter or longer depending on the complexity of the presenting problems.